The misunderstanding is that electrons have opportunity energy close to a finish conducting loop, transferring their strength to the load. This video clip was sponsored by Caséta by Lutron. Study far more at

More investigation of the big circuit is offered right here:

Exclusive thanks to Dr Geraint Lewis for bringing up this problem in the first area and talking about it with us. Test out his and Dr Chris Ferrie’s new e-book here:

Special many thanks to Dr Robert Olsen for his experience. He fairly virtually wrote the guide on transmission traces, which you can uncover right here:

Unique thanks to Dr Richard Abbott for functioning a authentic-lifestyle experiment to take a look at the model.

Large many thanks to all of the gurus we talked to for this video clip — Dr Karl Berggren, Dr Bruce Hunt, Dr Paul Stanley, Dr Joe Steinmeyer, Ian Sefton, and Dr David G Vallancourt.

A terrific video about the Poynting vector by the Science Asylum:

Sefton, I. M. (2002). Understanding electrical energy and circuits: What the textual content textbooks do not notify you. In Science Teachers’ Workshop. —

Feynman, R. P., Leighton, R. B., & Sands, M. (1965). The feynman lectures on physics vol. Ii, chapter 27. American Journal of Physics, 33(9), 750-752. —

Hunt, B. J. (2005). The Maxwellians. Cornell University Push.

Müller, R. (2012). A semiquantitative procedure of area charges in DC circuits. American Journal of Physics, 80(9), 782-788. —

Galili, I., & Goihbarg, E. (2005). Electricity transfer in electrical circuits: A qualitative account. American journal of physics, 73(2), 141-144. —

Deno, D. W. (1976). Transmission line fields. IEEE Transactions on Power Equipment and Units, 95(5), 1600-1611. —

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Published by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
Animation by Mike Radjabov and Ivy Tello
Filmed by Derek Muller and Emily Zhang
Footage of the sunshine by Raquel Nuno
Edited by Derek Muller
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Created by Derek Muller, Petr Lebedev and Emily Zhang

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